Gallstones or Cholelithiasis

Gallbladder Stone or cholelithiasis is most common diagnosis for acute right upper abdomen pain. It is the most common cause of Laparoscopic abdominal surgery

Gallbladder stone reason/ What Causes Gallstones

There are many theories about the formation of gallstone. But there is no preventive method. 80% of stones contain cholesterol while rest 20% have calcium and bilirubin salts. It is said that too much cholesterol secreted by liver which bile cannot dissolve causes formation of cholesterol stones. Pigment or bilirubin salt containing stones are formed if too much bilirubin is secreted. However there is no special gallbladder stone diet which can prevent there formation

Gallbladder Stone symptoms

Gallbladder pain or biliary colic is mild to moderate in intensity, localized to right upper abdomen and occur dut to stone at neck causing obstruction.Jaundice can occur if edema at GB neck causes external biliary obstruction.Fever develop if it becomes a pyocele

Complications

Distended gallbladder due to impacted stone at neck causes pain, also called as mucocele gallbladder. Gallbladder infection in mucocele is called as pyocele gallbladder.Repeated inflammation causes contracted gallbladder. When the stone moves through the cystic duct into CBD can cause jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis. Gallstone are risk factor for gallbladder cancer. however the incidence rate of cancer is very less

Gallstones Surgery

The standard treatment for gallstone is complete removal of gallbladder called as cholecystectomy. It is a day care surgery. Patient can be discharged from the hospital on same day of surgery, and from next day patient can do all day to day activities

Gallbladder removal side effects

There is no effect on digestion after gallbladder removal.It may be difficult to digest excess fat for initial 2-3 months. After this period patient can have normal diet

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