Fatty liver is accumulation of fat in the liver; Fatty liver is the most common USG finding done for abdomen complain. In long term it can cause liver damage. The main causes are obesity, diabetes, alcohol intake and hyperlipidemia. It will be the main cause of liver disease in next decade
Symptoms of Fatty Liver
Liver is vital organ of our body with so many functions. Small amount of fat is normal in the liver but excessive amount can damage the liver and hamper its function. Simple Fatty liver does not cause any symptom but if it progress to second stage liver damage that is liver inflammation medically called as steatohepatitis patients may develop symptoms such as loss of appetite, weight loss, pain abdomen and fatigue and if not taken care at this stage it may progress to liver cancer and chronic liver damage and have symptoms of liver failure such as jaudice, bleeding from GI tract, ascites, confusion and so on.
Liver function tests may be deranged but these does not confirm. Ultrasound abdomen and CT scan can detect fat but the severity of injury is determined by Liver biopsy
The first line recommended treatment is to reduce risk factors such as avoiding alchol intake, reduce weight, control diabetes. Regular exercise and healthy food is enough for further progress of this disease. there is no proven role of any medication .If liver damage reach to last stage of chronic liver disease with cirrhosis then only option remains is liver transplantation
Know more about fatty liver
It is the most common finding in ultrasound abdomen done for any reason. Earlier it was thought to be a benign condition but now it has been proven that if not treated at early stage it can lead to chronic liver disease and finally liver failure