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Gallbladder Cancer Risk Factors

All Cancers have some risk factors. Some can be changed such as alcohol,obesity and smoking. Some cannot be changed like family history and age. Most of the gallbladder cancer risk factors are non-modifiable. Having a risk factor does not indicate that definitely patient will get cancer and few patients develop cancer without any risk factor
But definetly presence of risk factors increases the chances of getting cancer. Various gallbladder cancer risk factors have been identified

Gallstones: Common Among various Gallbladder Cancer Risk Factors

Among many gallbladder cancer risk factors one is gallbladder stones. More than 70% of patients with gallbladder cancer have gallstones when they’re diagnosed.The incidence of gallbladder cancer is rare as compared to gallstones as most patients with gallbladder stones will never have gallbladder cancer

Porcelain gallbladder

It is a condition where gallbladder wall is covered with deposits of calcium.Can occur after chronic cholecystitis or long term inflammation of the gallbladder

Female gender

The incidence of gallbladder cancer is more in females as compared to men.It may be correlated with increased incidence of gallstones and inflammation in the gallbladder in females

Gallbladder Cancer Risk Factors
Gallbladder Cancer Risk Factors
Obesity

It has been found that gallbladder cancer patients are obese or overweight. Gallstones are also more common in obese patients which may also explain the high risk for gallbladder cancer in these patients

Older age

As most cancer develop in old age same with gallbladder cancer.But incidence is increasing in young population also. In this age group it has been found that gallbladder cancer is more aggressive. Reason may be dietary and life style change

Ethnicity and geography

Worldwide, Incidence of gallbladder cancer is more in Central America, Pakistan and India. In India it is more common in North as compared to south

Choledochal cysts

These are cystic dilatation of biliary channels which are congenital

Gallbladder polyps

The incidence of Gallbladder cancer is more in gallbladder polyps which are more than 1cm in size, single polyp and sessile

Dr Amit Jain MCh Best Surgical Oncologist in India Delhi

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