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Esophageal Cancer: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Esophageal Cancer Risk Factors

Smoking, alcohol intake, obesity and GERD are common esophageal cancer risk factor. Smoking and alcohol cause squamous cell carcinoma. Obesity and acid reflux are risk factors for adenocarcinoma. Healthy life style can prevent esophagus carcinoma

  • Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

Esophageal CancerThe most common symptom is dysphagia. Initially it is for solid food and gradually to liquid also. Patient can have chest pain/regurgitation. Anorexia and weight loss are common. Advance carcinoma patients can have bony pain, abdomen distension due to ascites, respiratory distress due to pulmonary effusion

  • Esophageal Cancer Diagnosis

Upper GI Endoscopy is done by gastroenterologist and is the investigation of choice. It will show growth or stricture in the esophagus. Biopsy will confirm the diagnosis. Most common type of esophagus carcinoma is adenocarcinoma located in the lower third of esophagus. Squamous cell carcinoma is other type and mainly found in the upper and middle third of esophagus

  • Investigations

CECT Chest and upper abdomen is done.CECT will show the growth in the esophagus, its relation with surrounding structures, any associated lymph nodes, and metastases. It helps in planning of Esophagus Carcinoma  Treatment

  • Treatment

The recommended first line Esophagus Cancer Treatment is surgery if cancer is resectable. For locally advance tumor pre-operative chemotherapy is given.If patient respond to chemotherapy and tumor become resectable surgery is done. For metastatic disease endoscopic esophageal stent is placed for relief of dysphagia. If endoscopic stenting is not possible feeding jejunostomy is done surgically for nutrition

Consult Dr Amit Jain MS MCh (GI Surgery) Senior Consultant Max Hospital Patparganj Delhi and Vaishali Ghaziabad for Esophagus Surgery. Dr Amit is Best Oncosurgeon in Delhi Noida Ghaziabad India. He is Fellow in Advance Laparoscopy Upper GI Surgery.To know recent advance in management of esophagus cancer visit our facebook page Dr Amit Jain Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal and Bariatric Surgeon

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