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Liver Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prognosis

  • Liver Cancer Causes

In 80% of patients liver cancer develop under the background of chronic liver disease. Most common cause are alcohol intake, Hepatitis B & C infection. Fatty liver due to obesity, diabetes and Liver Cancerhyperlipidemia is emerging as the main cause of liver failure in future. There are certain inherited liver diseases such as hemochromatosis and wilsons disease which increase the risk. Exposure to aflatoxins, poisons produced by molds can also cause liver cancer

  • Liver Cancer Symptom

Most common symptoms are pain right upper abdomen along with anorexia & weight loss. Pain is constant, mild to moderate in intensity, Patients with chronic liver disease when develop liver tumor may have wosen there symptoms such as ascites, jaundice

  • Liver Cancer Diagnosis

USG abdomen is the first investigation done for any abdomen complaint. It will show a space occupying lesion in the liver, echotexture of liver, biliary tract dilatation, any associated abdominal lymphadenpathy, ascites. However triple phase CT abdomen is more specific for liver lesions. alfa-feto protein is tumor marker specific for liver tumor. FNAC is advised for liver lesions in which imaging study is inconclusive

  • Liver cancer Treatment

Liver resection is first line of treatment if cancer occur in normal liver and after resection adequate amount of liver volume can be saved for normal liver function. In patients of chronic liver disease who develop liver cancer, transplant is preferred if fulfills the criteria for transplant and donor is available

  • Liver Cancer prognosis

It depends on many factors such as tumor size, no of primary lesions, loco-regional or distant spread, Underlying liver disease and general health status of the patient

  • Liver Cancer Survival Rate

Most important factor that decide survival rate is staging. Generally distant metastases cancer has worst prognosis with life span of 6 months with best available treatment, Locally advanced tumor patients survive up to 2 year with best treatment. For localized tumor in cirrhotic patients Liver transplant when done under strict criteria has got very good prognosis with 5 year survival rate of 75%

Consult Dr Amit Jain Best Oncosurgeon in Delhi Max Hospital Patparganj Delhi & Vaishali Ghaziabad for Liver tumor treatment. call us at 7351088686 for your queries

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