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Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Stages, Treatment & Prevention

  • What is Cancer

A collection of related diseases is termed as cancer in which body cells start to divide without stopping and slowly spreads into whole body. It can develop almost anywhere in our body

  • Types of Cancer


Carcinomas: Most common type and begins from the tissue that covers the surface of internal organs and glands. Examples include colorectal & pancreatic malignancy
Sarcomas: These begins from the tissues that support and connect the body. It can develop in nerves, muscles, fat
Leukemias: Blood cancer is leukemia in which healthy blood cells grow uncontrollably
Lymphomas: It starts from the lymphatic system

  • What Causes Cancer

Cells are building blocks of our body. Cells grow and divide to make new cells when old cells die or damaged. This process of division is controlled genetically and take place in a orderly process. In Cancer, control on cell division is lost and cells start to grow uncontrollably.

  • Symptoms

There are few symptoms which are common in all types such as anorexia and weight loss. Other symptoms are specific to which organ is involved such as dysphagia in esophageal malignancy, lower GI bleed in Colorectal malignancy

  • Prevention

Prevention is always better than cure.Vaccines are available for prevention of few cancers such as Hepatitis B Vaccine for prevention of liver tumor. Risk can be reduced if factors such as alcohol, smoking, tobacco chewing are eliminated

  • Stages¬†

It is a process to determine the extent of tumor spread. Stages 1 to 4 are usually given as the Roman numerals I, II, III and IV. The higher the number, more it has spread

  • Treatment

Treatment options are chemo-radiotherapy and surgery

  • Cancer Specialist

It is team work of Medical Oncologist and Oncosurgeon

Consult Dr Amit Jain Best Oncologist in Delhi for GI malignancy, Senior GI Surgeon at Max Hospital Patparganj Delhi & Vaishali Ghaziabad

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